Posted by: manuklungler | April 1, 2009

Learning from mistakes

by Manuela Klungler & Johannes Griesinger

After giving a short overview of the topic “learning through work”, this article should inform about the origin of mistakes and their importance for learning processes.  Besides, two empirical studies analyzing the treatment of mistakes by organizations are presented.  In the end, readers can find a list of representatives and literature dealing with the approach of learning from mistakes. Read More…

Posted by: Lena B. | April 1, 2009

Just doing it

by Lena Bernhardt & Esther Beltermann

The idea of  ‘Learning by doing’ – as a preferred way of workplace learning (Bove & Kroth, 2001) – bases on the constructivist approach which characterizes learning as an activity that is strongly related to the context in which it occurs and to the learner himself. The overall aim is to develop expertise.

By explaining and structuring the main ideas, this article outlines the idea of ‘Learning by doing’. A review of the underlying (learning) theories builds the basis which is replenished by a brief definition of expertise. The benefits and problems of this concept are subsequently demonstrated. We close with an overview on the literature used for this article and abstracts of crucial empirical studies. Read More…

by Judith Aschenbrenner & Michael Hellwig

Imagine: Mr. W., an office worker of a big company, sits at his desktop. There’s no contact to his colleagues: Mr. W. begins his working day alone and leaves his workplace without having any social relationships during the day. The notebook in front of him is neither connected to the World Wide Web nor to the intranet of the company. There’s no telephone in the office, and no possibilities of postal contact exist. In short: he’s totally isolated, and that’s his daily routine since he has started his job at the company 20 years ago.

This case isn’t very realistic. Excepting the human needs for social participation, Mr. W. surely couldn’t do his job very well under these conditions. However, the example might hit an essential point in understanding the principles of Workplace Learning: Although a nurse and a broker behave totally different at work and the conditions of an assembly-line worker’s workplace aren’t very similar to those of a football player – all workers in any culture at any workplace participate in their social environment and are influenced by it. The socio-cultural approach of learning deals with these interconnections between the individual and the (social) environment and may help us in our concerns to understand the occurring processes at work in a science-based way. Read More…

by Katja Steinhauser & Clarissa Uihlein

This article will give you an overview about the beginning of research on workplace learning. The main focus is on the theory of situated cognition which was the basis for further research.

The article is divided in several parts: Definitions, origin, main ideas of the situated cognition movement, empirical study, our position, important researchers, studies and literature. Read More…

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